The neo-pagan religion of Wicca has so many different traditions that it becomes difficult to list them all in the same compilation. Although the basic philosophy and principles of these traditions are similar, there are vital points in which they differ. Alexandrian, Celtic, Circle, Dianic, Eclectic, Gardnerian, Georgian, Erisian, Sacred Wheel and so on are all forms of Wiccan traditions.
Wicca can be practices individually or as part of a coven. Many Wiccans are drawn to a specific tradition and I want to outline the more well-known practices. They can be practiced individually or mix and match as you feel comfortable with. Some of them can be discussed as follows:
There is the Alexandrian tradition. It is derived from a coven that was begun by a man named Alex Sanders, living in England. He believed he was first initiated in 1933; however, much of his work is the same as those involved in the Gardnerian tradition so his statement may not be true. There are elements of Gardnerian traditions, along with some Judeo-Christian traditions and traditions of Ceremonial magic. They observe eight holidays or Sabbats and believe in both the God and the Goddess. Other traditions have come out of this one. In one case, a woman by the name of Mary Nesnick combined Gardnerian and Alexandrian traditions to create a tradition known as Algard.
British Traditional Wicca
British Traditional Wicca is another Wicca tradition. They trace themselves back to the Gardnerian tradition and to Alexandrian tradition. Their belief system is very similar to both of the “original” Wicca traditions.
Celtic Wicca is a Wicca tradition that stems from the druids and the Celtic people. They stress the natural elements to a great degree and believe in the importance of nature and covet the Ancient Ones. They understand a great deal about herbs and nature in general and believe in fairies, gnomes and other types of little people.
The Church and School of Wicca are Welsh-based. There are several Welsh-based traditions. It was originally created in the 1970s by a couple by the name of Yvonne and Gavin Frost. There is course material you have to go through in order to belong to the tradition. They have a book called the “Witches Bible”. Originally, there was no belief in the goddess; however, in later editions of the Witches Bible, the goddess is mentioned. It is a very popular Wicca tradition.
Circle Wicca is one of the Wicca Traditions that began in the 1970s. It was begun at the Circle Sanctuary, which is a herb farm and nature sanctuary in Wisconsin. While they believe in the Circle Wiccan Tradition, they also service many neo-pagan religions. They sponsor many concerts, workshops and seminars on Wicca and on other neo-pagan religions. It is a religion that is mostly based on Shamans and on the American Indian beliefs and traditions and less on Wiccan traditions.
Covenant of the Goddess
The Covenant of the Goddess is another Wiccan tradition based on 1970s beliefs. They enjoy more than a hundred covens and are a legally recognized religion. It originated in California and spread throughout the nation. There are covens overseas. There is a Grand Council that makes decisions at an annual meeting and there are local councils that act as governing bodies. Each coven has an Elder and they worship just the Goddess or the Goddess and the Old Gods.
The Dianic Tradition was first alluded to in 1921 by Margaret Murray. Its focus is on the goddess and it is considered a feminist Wiccan tradition. An offshoot is called the “Dianic Feminist Tradition” and is a group that practices both the religious aspects and magical aspects of Wicca. Both men and women practice this Wiccan Tradition. It includes a variety of tradition with the focus recently being on the Goddess, which is why it has been called a “craft feminist movement.”
This is a very popular choice for those that wish to practice by home, in which they deal with the practical side of religion, magick, and the elements – earth, air, wind, fire.